Nicolas Hautière is Ingénieur des Ponts, des Eaux et des Forêts at the French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (Ifsttar). After ten years of research in computer vision applied to cooperative intelligent transport systems and autonomous vehicles, his mission is to initiate, develop and manage novel instruments of research and innovation, which allow the industrial transfer of research results in the area of the renewed intelligence of vectors and infrastructures for mobility. In this aim, he leads the flagship program Route 5e Génération and acts as Deputy Director of the Components and Systems Department (COSYS), Marne-la-Vallée, France.
Track 2- Smarter Road Infrastructures for Smarter Cities
Abstract: The road as we know it today was designed during the twentieth century to support the growth of our societies. This growth, very strongly correlated with the development of the internal combustion engine automobile, no longer appears sustainable, especially in urban areas. Indeed, the motorway creates nuisance and pollution, and encourages urban sprawl. In reality, it is rather the vehicles that generate these negative externalities. To mitigate them, vehicles are improving gradually on the ecological and energy sides. The road, which was only responsible for 5 to 10% of the negative environmental externalities, is likely to see this proportion growing. In addition, digital technologies are preparing to revolutionize individual mobility. The vehicles of tomorrow will be electric, autonomous and shared. The road will also have to adapt to the needs of these new mobilities, in a context of crisis of public finances, which is likely to slow down the adaptation of the roads. In parallel, we have to invent a framework that is more conducive to innovation, so that innovative techniques can be tested more quickly and so, and thus favor innovation. This presentation will give an overview of some results of the fifth road generation (R5G) flagship program, which aims at developing full-scale demonstrators of the next road generation considering all the aforementioned challenges.